Ethical Considerations

Policy on Use of Human Subjects in Research. UVJOR will only publish research articles involving human subjects after the author/s have verified that they have followed all laws and regulations concerning the protections afforded human subjects in research studies within the jurisdiction in which a research study they describe was conducted. For research conducted outside the University of the Visayas, the research protocol must have been approved by the appropriate institutional review board (IRB). In the case of exempt research, the IRB must have deemed the research protocol exempt.

Ethics Undertaking. Ethics undertaking is that which maintains the balance of the effects between the naturally aggressive character of the pursuit of knowledge and the establishment of some restrictions on said pursuit for it to abide with the existing societal norms which all members of the society, authors included, must observe.


  • Authors must procure an acknowledgment form prior to the start of making their paper. The acknowledgment form enumerates the general ethical guidelines that authors must adhere to during the formative course of their paper or manuscript, or in the coauthorship thereof. They are to affix their signatures on the form to acknowledge full understanding and comprehension and compliance with the guidelines.
  • Authors must submit to the editorial board, together with the finished paper or manuscript and the required forms of authorship, the IRB clearance that certifies compliance with the ethical guidelines set forth by their research institution, either personally or by electronic mail.

IRB Exemption. Some may need not undergo IRB process. However, UVJOR requires the researcher/s to submit IRB Exempt clearance. These include:

  • Research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices.
  • Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement) survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public behavior.
  • Research involving the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens, or diagnostic specimens, if these sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects.
  • Research and demonstration projects which are conducted by or subject to the approval of department or agency heads, and which are designed to study, evaluate, or otherwise examine procedures or programs.
  • Taste and food quality evaluation and consumer acceptance studies.

IRB Approval Certification. Researcher/s’ who are unable to present IRB Exempt Clearance must obtain a certification indicating that the/ir research obtained IRB approval prior to the conduct of the study.